Master TAL - MSc. NLP
Lexicology : lexical units and phraseology
This course introduces a logically organized system of basic notions in lexicology:
the discipline that studies lexicons of natural languages. Special attention is paid
to the central linguistic phenomenon of phraseology and to the various types
of phraseological expressions: <b>
• idioms (<i>e.g. to rock the boat, Adam's apple, on cloud nine</i>);
• collocations (<i>e.g. to throw a party, heavy meal, easy as pie</i>);
• linguistic clichés (<i>e.g. May I be excused?, Best regards, One moment please</i>);
The content of the course is a condensed English version of the lexicology
manual Polguère (2016) – see bibliography below. Though most linguistic
illustrations will be borrowed from English – the language of teaching –,
data from other languages will also be used for comparative purposes.
- Mastery of the constitution of the lexicon
- Applying lexical theory to real situations
- Analyse a problem before computationally treating spoken or written data
- Exercise autonomy and initiative
Benson M., Benson E., Ilson R. F. (2010) The BBI Combinatory Dictionary of English.John Benjamins, Amsterdam/Philadelphia, third edition expanded and revised edition.
Cruse D. A. (1995) Polysemy and related phenomena from a cognitive linguistic viewpoint.In Saint-Dizier P. and Viegas E. (eds.): Computational Lexical Semantics.Cambridge University Press, Cambridge et al., 33–49.
Granger S. (2011) From phraseology to pedagogy: challenges and prospects. In Herbst T.,Faulhaber S. and Uhrig P. (eds.): The Phraseological View of Language.A Tribute to John Sinclair. De Gruyter Mouton, Berlin, 123–145.
Lipka L. (2012) An Outline of English Lexicology. Lexical Structure, Word Semantics, andWord-Formation. Max Niemeyer, Tübingen, second edition.
Mel’čuk I. (2012) Phraseology in the Language, in the Dictionary, and in the Computer. In Kuiper K. (ed.):Yearbook of Phraseology, volume 3. De Gruyter Mouton, Berlin, 31–56. ,
Polguère A. (2014) From Writing Dictionaries to Weaving Lexical Networks.International Journal of Lexicography 27(4), 396–418.
Polguère A. (2016) Lexicologie et sémantique lexicale. Notions fondamentales[Lexicology and Lexical Semantics. Fundamental Notions]. Paramètres.Les Presses de l’Université de Montréal, Montreal, 3rd edition.
Sag I. A., Baldwin T., Bond F., Copestake A., Flickinger D. (2002) MultiwordExpressions: A Pain in the Neck for NLP. In Gelbuk A. (ed.): ComputationalLinguistics and Intelligent Text Processing. Third International Conference, CICLing 2002Mexico City, Mexico, February 17–23, 2002 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2276,Springer, London, 1–15.
Course URL – Arche
- To be completed
Link with other courses
- to be completed
Evaluation – continuous assessment – is based on two items :
- test in class (30%);
- take-home test (70%).
Students will make an oral presentation of their preliminary work for the take-home test.
This presentation will not be graded but will be taken into consideration when evaluating the paper.
Combine with other specialization